Environmental Effects & Dredging and Disposal literature database

US Army Corps of Engineers ERDC Dredging Operations Technical Support



Welcome to E2-D2 (Environmental Effects & Dredging and Disposal). E2-D2 is a literature database comprised of technical references covering a diverse range of topics related to environmental effects of dredging and dredged material disposal projects. Much of the technical literature pertaining to dredging and dredged material disposal is found in the "gray" literature, i.e., non-peer-reviewed federal or state agency publications, or proceedings of symposia and specialty conferences. Many other studies of dredging operations are documented in the form of unpublished contract reports frequently held in project files rather than libraries or archives. Consequently, assimilating existing knowledge on any given aspect of dredging-induced environmental effects can be a daunting task.

A primary objective of E2-D2 is to facilitate searches for relevant references by providing a single source for this diffuse gray literature as well as important references in the peer-reviewed literature. A second objective is to make this information accessible to all interested parties, both within and outside of the Corps of Engineers. Accessibility is the underlying reason for locating this database on the Internet.

As currently configured, E2-D2 contains approximately three thousand references. These represent only a relatively small fraction of the total number of references available. Certain key reports and publications were deliberately included in this first working compilation, e.g., the Corps' Dredged Material Research Program (DMRP) series, which was concluded in 1979, the Disposal Area Monitoring System (DAMOS) series, and the Environmental Effects of Dredging Technical Notes, which are both ongoing. The database focuses on broad topics, such as beneficial uses of dredged material and effects of sediment resuspension and sedimentation on aquatic organisms and their habitats.

The database allows the user to perform simple queries for authors, titles, years, publications, conferences, journals, and keywords. Instructions are provided throughout the database.



This database is furnished by the U.S. Government and is accepted and used by the recipient with the expressed understanding that the U.S. Government gives no warranties, expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, reliability, usability, or suitability for any particular purpose of the information and data contained in this program or furnished in connection therewith. The United States of America shall be under no liability whatsoever to any person by reason of any use made thereof. The contents of this database are not to be used for advertising or promotional purposes. Citation of trade names does not constitute an official endorsement or approval of the use of such commercial products. This database contains no copy protected material.


Compilation of this database was supported by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as a product of the Dredging Operations Technical Support Program (DOTS). E2-D2 is currently maintained by the Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA.

Please send comments or references that should be included in the database to the E2-D2 point of contact. Point of contact for further information on E2-D2: